Tutorial, Bayes net for forensic DNA analysis, Satellite, Dice, DNA Helix, Distance Matrix of pairs of amino acids, Bristol Balloon festival
SuSTaIn About News Postgraduate degrees Events Research highlights Jobs Management Statistics Group Statistics Home Research Members Seminars Statistics@Bristol Mathematics Home External Links APTS Complexity science Royal Statistical Society International Society for Bayesian Analysis


Graphical Models for Inference Under Outcome-Dependent Sampling

by Vanessa Didelez, Svend Kreiner and Niels Keiding

We consider situations where data have been collected such that the sampling depends on the outcome of interest and possibly further covariates, as for instance in case-control studies. Graphical models represent assumptions about the conditional independencies among the variables. By including a node for the sampling indicator, assumptions about sampling processes can be made explicit. We demonstrate how to read off such graphs whether consistent estimation of the association between exposure and outcome is possible. Moreover, we give sufficient graphical conditions for testing and estimating the causal effect of exposure on outcome. The practical use is illustrated with a number of examples.

Keywords: Causal inference, collapsibility, odds ratios, selection bias.

Full text of the paper (pdf), which has recently appeared in Statistical Science 2010, Vol. 25, No. 3, 368-387. doi: 10.1214/10-STS340